Does your child communicates?

Communication is a very important tool in your child's day to day life. It helps him to express his needs and wants, improves socialization. Kindly go through the list of your  age appropriate communication skills and see if your child is communicating well, if not consult your primary health provider.

From 3+ to 4, your child:
  • Enjoys listening to and talking about stories and storybooks.
  • Occasionally connects what you read in storybooks with real life incidents.
  • Starts to learn contrasting terms like big/small, large/tiny, tall/short etc.,
  • Asks you an increasing number of questions when you are reading them books.
  • Makes attempts to read.
  • Identifies familiar signs and labels.
  • Identifies letters and makes letter-sound matches.
  • Uses known letters (or their best attempt to write the letters) to represent written language especially for meaningful words like their names.
  • Can sing along with all the nursery rhymes they have heard repeatedly.
From 4+ to 5, your child:
  • Sounds as if they are reading when they pretend to read. They are saying a lot of words from their memory.
  • Enjoys being read to.
  • Retells simple stories.
  • Corrects you when you make a mistake on a story which has been read before to them.
  • Uses descriptive language to explain or to ask questions. 
  • Participates in rhyming games.
  • Recognises alphabets and letter-sound matches. 
  • Begins to match spoken words with written ones. 
  • Begins to write letters of the alphabet and some words  he uses and hears often. 
  • Identifies smaller words (like the, my, you etc.) by sight (referred to as sight words).
  • Identifies new words by using letter-sound matches, parts of words and their understanding of the rest of a story or printed item.
  • Attempts to read words phonetically (by breaking them down into letters) and can accomplish this for smaller words.
  • Writes random strings of letters.
  • Can write specific alphabets when asked to.
From 5+ to 6, your child:
  • Can usually write his own name.
  • Often spells words creatively using phonetics (For example, writes "Allo" for "Hello").
  • Notices when you make errors in your speech especially in simple sentences.
  • Recognises and writes all capital (uppercase) and many small (lowercase) variations of the alphabet.
  • Speaks out major sounds in a word when trying to spell.
  • Learns to use new vocabulary and grammatical constructs. 
  • Writes more often, using letters and pictures. May label pictures with words.
From 6+, your child:
  • Learns to read by breaking down words, using phonetics.
  • Understand more complex word sounds.
  • Reads aloud with ease.
  • Starts "real" reading (how adults do it rather than by sight or memory) of words and sentences appropriate to her age.
  • If she misidentifies a word, corrects herself based on other words around this one or visual cues in the page.
  • Reads and understands simple instructions.
  • Can describe information gained from texts, in his own words.
  • Can write multiple simple sentences on topics that interests him.
  • Has a rapidly expanding vocabulary.

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