Pedriatric News

The American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus has released a list of "Five Things Physicians and Patients Should Question................................"


Question: Among children with autism spectrum disorder, what is the clinical efficacy of early intensive behavioural intervention (EIBI), compared with routine treatment, in lessening the impact of symptoms on children’s functioning?


Two thirds of otherwise healthy infants spit up because of their physiology, and they should be treated not with medication but with modest lifestyle changes, such as altering their position during feeding. Medications should be reserved for infants who actually have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)....


Automated photoscreening can detect amblyogenic risks in young toddlers as reliably it does in older preschoolers, supporting a recommendation that pediatricians initiate such screening in their patients at 1 year of age, Iowa researchers have concluded.


Among vaccine-preventable diseases and deaths in children, pertusis is the most common cause in those countries where paediatric universal pneumococcal conjugate vaccination has been introduced in national immunization programs. Despite good vaccination coverage rates of the primary series and booster doses in children from many countries, outbreaks and epidemics still occur......


Doctors are at odds as to whether or not to universally screen children and adolescents for high blood pressure. The contradictory advice comes in two papers published online...


(Source: http://bit.ly/pxRdOX Pediatrics 2011)

Children and teenagers who complain of chest pain only rarely have a heart problem causing it, a study published suggests. What's more, researchers say, relatively simple steps -- including a physical exam, family history and electrocardiogram -- could identify the kids....


(Source: N Engl J Med. 2012; 367:904-912. European Respiratory Society (ERS) 2012 Annual Congress. Presented September 3, 2012)

 

A large study presented here at the European Respiratory Society (ERS) 2012 Annual Congress showed that corticosteroid use to control asthma in children affected the height they attained as adults by only about 1 cm.

 


(Source: Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2012. Published online September 3, 2012)

 

New research confirms that younger siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at risk for subtle difficulties in social communication, cognitive skills, and anxiety regulation very early in life — even if they do not go on to develop an ASD.

 


(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics, DOI: 10.1016/j/jpeds.2008.05.016)

 

Dairy is recognized as a key component of a healthy, balanced diet. However, until recently it was unclear how long-term dairy intake contributes to the many aspects of bone health in children, including bone density, bone mineral content, and bone area.

 


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